Significant Increase in ASEAN participation in Framework Programmes
The analysis identified a significant increase in participation of Southeast Asian countries in FP7 compared to FP6. During the six years of FP6 a total of 149 SEA partners participated, receiving a total EC contribution of €16.4 million.
SEA partners achieved the same level of participation in the first two years of FP7, and the participation figures are rising.
The success rate of proposals from ASEAN countries are above average (10-25%) at 20-30%. Success rates are especially notable in the areas of HEALTH and Food/Biotech.
Participation levels of ASEAN countries can be divided into:
Countries with high participation (Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore)
Countries with low participation rates (Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar)
Thailand shows the highest participation rate amongst the ASEAN countries, followed by Vietnam. Comparing globally, in relative figures, China’s participation rate is only 10 times greater than Thailand (but Thailand only has 5% of China’s population). The success rate of ASEAN proposals ranges from 17% in case of Indonesia to 30% for Vietnam.
Regarding relevant research areas, (according to the FP7 categorisation) ENV (Environment), HEALTH, ICT and KBBE (Knowledge Based Bio-Economy) and to a lesser degree INFRASTRUCTURE, INCO (International Cooperation) and SiS (Science in Society) are of importance to researchers in ASEAN. The highest number of proposals have been submitted in ENV, followed by ICT and KBBE, whereas HEALTH proposals have the highest success rate.
Comparing participation across the four main programmes of FP7 (Cooperation, People, Ideas and Capacities):
The highest participation of ASEAN Countries is in the COOPERATION programme, where the following observations can be made:
Thailand researchers show a broad range of interest from ENV to ICT, KBBE, PEOPLE, SSH, SST and ENERGY.
Vietnamese researchers apply primarily in ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH and KBBE.
Indonesia participates predominantly in ENVIRONMENT, followed by KBBE.
Malaysia‘s participation focuses on ICT and KBBE according to its submitted proposals.
Philippines researchers are focussing on ENVIRONMENT and enjoy a high success rate.
Singaporean researchers predominantly participate in ICT.
The ASEAN states leave a significant mark in the CAPACITIES programme. There are currently 32 partners in INCO, SiS and INFRASTRUCTURE projects.
ASEAN countries do not feature highly in the PEOPLE programme. While Australia (45%), China (35%) and Japan (27%) have a very high PEOPLE part of the funded proposals, the ASEAN countries do not have any participation or only very few (2 participations from Thailand). There are significant opportunities from increased ASEAN participation in the People programme. Special efforts need to be taken to inform ASEAN countries about the PEOPLE programme to increase participation in the next rounds of calls for the programme. The bottom-up characteristic of the programme makes it easier to access than the cooperation programme.
The lowest participation is observed for the IDEAS programme; where as of 2011 there was no ASEAN participation. There have been 23 applications but only one made it to the reserve list. As this is also a bottom-up type of programme, the participation could probably be increased by improved information on FP7 in ASEAN countries.
ASEAN participation in the European Framework Programme can be improved. An increased and targeted effort to increase information flow to ASEAN researchers could increase participation. Further, an increased exchange of researchers between European and ASEAN institutions could lead to a higher participation rate in the COOPERATION programme.