KNAW - The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen
The Academy's mission is to ensure the quality of scientific research in the Netherlands, on the principle that the fundamental research carried out today will provide a basis for the applied research of tomorrow and, in turn, for the practical application of science in the future. The KNAW has always played an active role in encouraging international cooperation and partnerships. It does this by: concluding bi-lateral partnership agreements with sister academies in Europe and elsewhere; collaborating with European and other international organisations; and participating in long-range multi-lateral partnership programmes. The KNAW supports the international transfer of knowledge and science through funding. The Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science is the KNAW’s main source of programme funding. The Academy is a member of several international bodies, including: the InterAcademy Council (IAC), All European Academies (ALLEA), the European Science Foundation (ESF) and the International Council for Science (ICSU). The KNAW has played a key role in the furthering of contact and cooperation between Netherlands and Indonesian scientists and scholars from 1992 when Indonesia and the Netherlands signed two Memoranda of Understanding for cooperation in the fields of scientific research and higher education. These two memoranda, which were signed between the Netherlands Ministry of Education and Science and the Indonesian Ministries of National Education (DikNas) and of Research and Technology (MoRT), followed the Cultural Agreement between Indonesia and the Netherlands of 1968. The memoranda were updated and renewed several times between 1992 and 2005. In 1994 the Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science entrusted the funding for their bi-lateral scientific cooperation programme with Indonesia entirely to the KNAW and as of 2002 formally asked the KNAW to act as the ‘national lead’ in the so-called Indonesian – Netherlands Joint Working Committee for scientific cooperation (JWC). Henceforth, the KNAW has been effectively the main science-broker for cooperation between Indonesia and the Netherlands. The Netherlands and Indonesia are represented in the JWC by organisations for basic and strategic research as well as by universities and ministries. The JWC is a strategic discussion forum, which serves to co-ordinate bi-lateral Science and Technology cooperation between Indonesia and the Netherlands and to advise the governments of both countries as well as society at large, on matters related to such cooperation. The JWC among others aims to increase the visibility of Indonesian-Netherlands S&T cooperation in both countries as well as within the European research landscape and the Southeast Asian Region and to foster linkages between Indonesian-Netherlands bi-lateral S&T activities and multi-lateral initiatives, particularly those of the European Union.